I’ve noticed that in the natural hair world, a lot of emphasis is put on the curl pattern and not so much on all the other areas that make up the multidimensionality that is our hair and which are in my opinion a lot more relevant to the health and growth of our hair. So I’ve outlined everything you need to know below!
Hair type or scalp moisture is determined by the amount of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands. Hair can either be normal, dry or oil.
• Dry Hair •
Dry hair is stiff and coarse. It brittles while brushing and styling can take a long time.
• Normal Hair •
Normal hair is soft, shiny, bouncy and manageable. It doesn’t get greasy quickly.
• Oily Hair •
Oily hair is greasy and styling can take a long time.
HAIR TEXTURE/STRUCTUR & DENSITY
This refers to the thickness of the hair strands which can affect how well your hair holds styles and reacts to certain products.
• Fine Hair •
Fine Hair has an extremely small circumference making it delicate and easy to damage. Fine Hair can’t hold styles very well.
Hair is fine and smooth
Scalp is easy to see
• Medium Hair •
Medium hair is neither too small or too big which makes it resistant to damage while being strong and elastic. Medium hair is relatively easy to style and will hold it’s shape for longer periods of time.
Hair is nice and full
You can see parts of the scalp
• Coarse Hair •
Coarse hair has the largest and widest circumference which makes them the strongest of the three. Coarse hair is stiffer and can be very difficult to style. It is not supple but will hold styles very well.
Hair is thick and full
Scalp is difficult to see
Porosity refers to your hairs ability to absorb and retain moisture. Knowing how porous your hair is can help you to determine what kinds of products to use.
• High Porosity Hair •
This hair type has cuticles that are wide open which means water can be absorbed quickly, however, it can lose that moisture just as fast.
Hair may look dry and tangle easily.
Your hair gets saturated quickly.
Your styles tend to dry faster.
May be difficult to retain moisture.
• Normal Porosity Hair •
This hair type has cuticles that are raised just enough to readily absorb and retain moisture. This porosity tends to hold moisture and shine better.
Your hair easily absorbs and retains moisture.
Hair holds style well with volume and shine.
Curls have great elasticity and bounce.
• Low Porosity Hair •
This hair type has a tightly sealed cuticle which makes it difficult for water to penetrate & enter the hair shaft. However once the moisture is in, it can be retained.
Your hair takes a while to get saturated.
Water beads on top of your hair.
Products may sit on top of your hair.
Your styles take a long time to dry.
Curl pattern describes the specific shape of your hair strands the way they naturally grow. This is dependent on the hair follicle on your scalp. Follicles are similar to pores, they re holes which your hair grows from. The more oval shaped your follicle, the curlier your hair.
• Type 1. •
Fine to Coarse; Curl Resistant
• 2A. 2B. 2C. •
Fine & Thin to Coarse & Frizzy
2A – Slight Waves
2B – Soft Waves
2C – Defined Waves
• 3A. 3B. 3C. •
Loose Curls to Corkscrew Curls
3A – Classic Curls
3B – Spiral Curls
3C – Corkscrews
• 4A. 4B. 4C. •
Tight Coils to Z-Angled Coils
4A – Coiled
4B – Kinky
4C – Super Kinky